Image copyright NASA Image caption According to scientists, this solar flare sparked an increase in Earth’s magnetic field
Two new space weather forecasts were issued this week, reflecting new observations following the recent solar flare.
The Geomagnetic and Ionosphere Forecasts are reported to reflect more information about space weather and the paths in which charged particles are expected to cross the Earth’s surface.
One indicator on the forecasts is calculated towards observing the approach of the G4 period of the graphic.
This means that on 11 October, the strongest solar storm of the year is predicted, while the other indicator relates to a strong Earth storm and is known as a G4-Marine.
According to US space weather research organisation, the Space Weather Prediction Centre, the classified alerts stem from the number of times a periodic geomagnetic storm watch is issued to scientists.
Their website states: “The primary purpose of the watches is to help the public better prepare for severe storms. A watch shows that conditions are ripe for these serious space weather events”.
Image copyright NASA Image caption The Southern Lights typically occur in the direction of the magnetic north pole
Since Solar Coronal Mass Ejection is an occurrence of subatomic particles within the upper atmosphere, it has its own set of hazards. The current G4-Masters forecasts indicate that these particles will potentially have great impact on the ground, in terms of pollution and high levels of auroras.
Solar flares can cause Earth’s magnetic field to “flatten”, which can result in reflection and reflection in the upper atmosphere resulting in disturbances to the aurora.
So – more information, more certainty.